How does the elevator work?

Update:05-07-2019
Summary:

The elevator has a car and a counterweight, which are c […]

The elevator has a car and a counterweight, which are connected by a wire rope. The wire rope is driven by the traction of the driving device (the traction machine), so that the elevator car and the counterweight move up and down on the inner rail of the elevator.
The guide shoes fixed to the car can be reciprocatingly moved along a fixed rail mounted on the wall of the building shaft to prevent the car from being skewed or oscillated during operation. The normally closed block brake releases the brake when the motor is running, causing the elevator to operate, braking in the event of a power loss, causing the car to stop moving up and down, and maintaining its stationary state at the designated landing, for personnel and cargo to enter and exit. The car is a box component that carries passengers or other loads, and the counterweight is used to balance the car load and reduce motor power. The compensation device is used to compensate for the tension and weight changes in the movement of the traction rope, so that the load of the traction motor is stabilized and the car can be accurately stopped. The electrical system realizes the control of the elevator movement, and at the same time completes the selection, leveling, speed measurement and lighting work. Instruct the calling system to display the direction of movement of the car and the location of the floor at any time. The safety device ensures safe operation of the elevator.